Sustainable materials

,

Organic Cotton

It is grown in fields with fertile, living soil, free of pesticides, herbicides and synthetic chemical fertilizers. It is always a non-genetically modified cotton.

Natural cotton is not organic cotton. When we use an organic material, we bet on helping the planet, since we respect the cycles of the earth, preserving and promoting its fertility for future uses.

Organic Wool

It comes from organic pasture and is chemical free. The amount of antibiotics given to the sheep is regulated and limited, and all cleaning is done without additives, bleach or solvents.

It is necessary that it is organic wool if we want to ensure no animal abuse, avoid the use of chemicals and maintain a low environmental impact.

Linen and organic linen

It is extracted from the stem of the linen or flaxseed. The process of making the fiber is simple and uses five to twenty times less water than fabrics such as cotton or other synthetic fibers, and no toxic products are needed.

Increasingly, it is mixed with synthetic fibers or treated with chemicals to prevent wrinkles. We must be aware that it is organic linen if we want to reduce the use of pesticides and environmentally harmful substances as much as possible.

Bamboo linen

Bamboo linen is created mechanically, crushing and unravelling the plant (leaves and stem) using natural enzymes, so the fibres obtained can be woven. Bamboo plantations do not need fertilizers, pesticides or pesticides.

Bamboo linen should not be confused with bamboo viscose. Bamboo viscose is also considered one of the most harmful materials for the environment and human health.

Organic and peaceful silk

It comes from a protein fiber secreted by the salivary glands of the silkworm. It is a continuous secretion with which it is wrapped to protect itself and initiate its metamorphosis into a butterfly.

Conventional silk uses many chemicals to open the cocoons and turn them into thread. Organic silk has no negative impact on the environment. To avoid damage to the chrysalis and to let the butterfly be born, we must make sure that it is peaceful silk.

Recycled materials

The most common materials are recycled cotton, recycled polyester and recycled wool. There are post-consumer recycled, which reuse the materials of products already used, and pre-consumer recycled, the surplus of the factories.

Recycled cotton is one of the most sustainable and respectful materials in all its processes.

The synthetic garments, even being recycled, released in the washing machine microfibers that end up in the sea.

Source: ETHICAL TIME

Zapatos ‘snake’ (o la tendencia en ‘animal print’ destinada a triunfar este otoño-invierno)

, ,

After several seasons splashing coats and pants, the snake print reaches the shoes to become the ultimate animal print.

That animal print is one of those prints destined not to go out of fashion we already knew. What we didn’t expect was that it would be an old acquaintance like him who would conquer footwear this season. After years of being relegated to cowboy or glam looks, this autumn-winter snake shoes are being taken out of context, threatening to become one of the essential basics of the coldest months.


Although to be completely honest, their arrival does not catch us completely unprepared. Thus, it has been several seasons since the snake print returned to our lives by the hand of standard bearers like Kendall Jenner or Bella Hadid – experimenting with its possibilities and even with nostalgic winks. The novelty however lies this time in its support, as this year it finds its perfect complement in footwear. An area that he also explored during the 2000’s -although limited by boots and stilettos-, and that this season comes to new life with moccasins, platforms and even dancers.


The aesthetics of these new snake shoes are based on rock icons and pop references such as the film Almost Famous, and moves away from other more obvious styles through versions that imitate natural snakeskin or experiment with colors such as red, yellow or green. This is not an option for shy people who opt for childish garments to complement their styles and soften the aggressiveness of this print animal: silly collars, socks and even peek-a-boo can be a more than appropriate option to achieve a perfect mid-season look.


And remember: if you are a fan of the animal trend, not only snake prints live accessories: tiger prints, zebra prints or the traditional leopard print continue for another season, bringing a wild touch to garments in sophisticated fabrics and special accessories. Now all that remains is to decide on the print that best suits our style (and it won’t be an easy task).

COMPRAR: Mocasines ‘snake print’, de Charles & Keith (39 €).
COMPRAR: Mocasines ‘snake print’, de Ganni (345 €).
COMPRAR: Botines ‘snake print’, de Alexa Chung (144 €).
COMPRAR: Mocasines ‘snake print’, de Zara (69,95 €).

SOURCE: VOGUE

Textile Innovation: Fabrics for a more sustainable future

, , , ,

Since the origin of civilization, natural fabrics have been part of societies, using vegetable sources, such as cotton or hemp, or animal sources, such as wool or silk. However, with the industrial revolution, an industry that until then had been handcrafted began to be mechanized and new types of fabrics began to be introduced that no longer came directly from nature and had undergone certain chemical transformations in order to be obtained.

In this way, at the beginning of the 20th century a development began that has led us to the present day to a textile industry dominated by synthetic fibres such as nylon or polyester. Being the latter, one of the most used fabrics in the textile industry today and one of the most pollutant worldwide due to manufacturing processes based on oil.

Fabrics of the future made reality

For years, the current textile industry has been taking its first steps to achieve a real change in its production processes, taking advantage of technological development to obtain new materials that have the least impact on the environment and, at the same time, improve the quality of life of the people involved in their production.

In this sense, brands such as Piñatex have emerged that have managed to create a type of natural fabric, with a similar appearance to leather, from the use of fibers from pineapple leaves. Its creator Carmen Hijosa, worked for years in the design and manufacture of products made with leather and decided to go one step further to investigate and discover alternatives to traditional leather through products made with natural fibers and 100% vegan.

In her production, she tries to keep the impacts as low as possible. “The fibers are extracted from the leaves during a process called decortication, which is done on the plantation itself by the farming community. In addition, the product derived from this process is biomass that can be converted in turn into organic fertilizer and biogas” explain from the brand.

And from pineapple leaves to coconut shells. The company 37.5 has developed a technology from which they have managed to extract active carbon from the coconut shell creating fabrics with a faster drying process and that repel bad odors. “These particles use the heat released by the body itself to eliminate moisture. This means that the warmer this fabric is, the stronger its ability to eliminate moisture and, at the same time, the more comfortable the garment becomes,” they explain on the company’s website. Brands like Adidas or North Face have already included this technology in their fabrics for the production of T-shirts, linings, gloves, footwear, etc.

On the other hand, the German company Qmilch has created an innovative process that makes it possible to produce fabric with a silk-like texture from milk that is no longer suitable for consumption. Its creator Anke Domaske and her team, after years of research and trial and error, managed to reduce the milk to protein powder, boil it and, from there, compress it to extract threads.

This fiber comes completely from renewable sources and in its production, water is hardly needed, since “to obtain a kilo of fiber, only five minutes and a maximum of two liters of water are needed” explain from the company. In addition, “the garments obtained are organic, antibacterial, free of harmful substances and dermatologically tested” perfect for people with skin allergies.

SeaCell™ is another innovative fabric from renewable sources but this time obtained from a type of algae that grows in the fjords of Iceland and can only be cut once every four years to encourage the regeneration of the same in the area. To produce the fabric, the company SmartfiberAG has managed to mix this type of algae with lyocel, to achieve a type of fiber that maintains the revitalizing and antioxidant properties of the algae in the garments themselves.

These four companies are a reflection of the current reality in which the consumer is gradually demanding a change towards a more responsible and conscious production model.

Fortunately, it is becoming increasingly common to discover companies that, like these, have made sustainability the focus of their business activity through research and technology with the aim of achieving a greener future for the textile industry.

SOURCE: FASHION UNITED

14 garments that summarize the trends of autumn-winter 2020-2021

, ,

With the season just around the corner, the 2020-2021 fall/winter trends are beginning to creep up on the shelves of some of our favorite stores. They also arouse our own interest: the end of summer usually brings with it an innate curiosity for September to know what to wear for the next few months. Trends come in droves: we’ve talked, for example, about the pleated skirt being one of the safest options this fall, as demonstrated by people from Lacoste to Hermès. Absolute contrasts await us: the palette of earthy tones that dye everything from coats to dresses and contrast with the not-so-discreet range of metallic touches, with silver pants, for example, that promise not to go unnoticed.

Which prints will be the trend this fall 2020? The paintings are once again one of the absolute protagonists of the season, printing with special emphasis jacket suits, coats and capes, another of the star pieces of the winter closet. The checks are also aligned with the preppy aesthetic to emphasize the timeless elegance of cardigans and sweaters in pure ‘Ivy League’ style. The animal print is updated with geometric prints and other creatures, especially horses. In fact, the equestrian trend is one of the most repeated proposals among the firms. The pinstripe also stands out as one of the most attractive bets to give a twist to tailored suits, both in the trouser and skirt versions.

We are also expecting a season of the most tactile: the lamb and the hair effect invades hems and coats entirely to cover the body and counteract the trend of lingerie and lace at sight, as in Rodarte, Tom Ford or Saint Laurent.

A pleated skirt
Plus: if it is silver
COMPRAR: falda plateada con lentejuelas, de Sportmax (335€).
A red dress
Plus: if it is high neck and tight
COMPRAR: vestido rojo de punto, de Norma Kamali (275€).
One layer
Plus: make it checkered, one of the trend prints of autumn 2020.
COMPRAR: capa de cuadros, de Gucci (2.600€).
An embellished garment
Plus: that includes links, another of the kings of trends
COMPRAR: vestido de punto con eslabones en el cuello, de Bottega Veneta (1.567€).
Different animal print
Plus: keep up the equestrian trend so in vogue this season
COMPRAR: chaqueta con estampado de caballos, de Maje (175€).
A garment of Victorian air
Plus: a contrast knot that reinforces its historicist air
COMPRAR: blusa con volantes, de Sandro (225€).
Bangs everywhere
Plus: go out of the way of accessories and include them in a garment
COMPRAR: chaqueta denim con flecos, de Zara (39,95€).
Sheep coats
A plus: going beyond the usual colors and betting on chromatic contrasts

COMPRAR: abrigo con efecto borreguillo, de Stand Studio (204€).
A dress in earth tones
A plus: that it is has a lingerie silhouette

COMPRAR: ‘slip dress’, de & Other Stories (40€).
A ‘preppy’ looks sweater
A plus: change the usual ‘Ivy League’ cardigan for a rhombus sweater

COMPRAR: jersey de rombos, de Miu Miu (396€).
Puffed Sleeves
A plus: combine them in the same garment with other effects such as metallization

COMPRAR: jersey de lúrex con mangas amplias, de Uterqüe (29,95€).
A suit
A plus: betting on the diplomatic line this fall

COMPRAR: pantalón de raya diplomática de Zadig & Voltaire (275€).
A bra in sight
A plus: make it lace

COMPRAR: sujetador, de Oysho (16,99€).

SOURCE: VOGUE

Paper dresses, the dresses of the 60’s that anticipated the concept of ‘fast fashion

, , ,

Made of cellulose, these designs were the perfect blank canvas for the pop culture and mass consumption that led the youth in the mid-s. XX

Mary Quant says the future will always belong to the young. A devastating phrase that perfectly summarizes the radical changes that adolescents have brought about throughout the 20th century. What became apparent in the twenties became an earthquake in the sixties that turned society upside down in all areas. The autobiography of the British designer, Quant by Quant, is a constant demonstration of a generation’s breakthrough character. Her way of thinking, of seeing sexuality and, of course, her way of dressing, clearly clashed with the style of her mothers: “The voices, rules and culture of this generation are as different from those of the past as tea and wine. And the clothes they choose evoke their lives… daring and happy, never boring,” wrote one of the people responsible for creating the miniskirt in her memoir.

His was a generation that became the center of the universe. They shopped in stores at the almost frenetic rhythm that marked the music that came out of one of them (something that did not exist until now). After two minutes they got tired of one trend, they moved on to another. They would put on dresses and accessories as crazy as their way of consuming. Their thirst for novelty contributed to accelerate the gears of fashion at a faster and faster pace, until they reached an implanted system that today the industry tries to moderate. If the sector found in the youngest a vein eager to consume, there was at the end of the 60s a fashion related to them that was much more than an ephemeral trend: the paper dresses came to become the perfect metaphor of a generation that seemed to anticipate the fast fashion and its way of conceiving the clothes.

Tony Curtis painting on Claudia Cardinale’s paper dress during the shooting of the film ‘Don’t Make Waves’ (1967)

The experimental character of the decade brought vinyl or metals to the catwalk. It was only a matter of time before they saw the potential of paper: it already existed as sanitary protective material and disposable bedding for hospitals. It needed to be converted into a fabric that could be hung on hangers. In fact, two of the multinationals associated with paper were the first to be linked to these dresses. And they did it with two respective patented materials that were not only paper, but formulations from cellulose. Scott Paper Company (responsible, yes, for firms like Scottex) used a rayon mesh for its Dura-weave, while Kimberly Stevens resorted to nylon for Kaycel, using as was customary for their products the letter K, as in their kleenex.

It all started back in 1965, when a Scott Paper engineer thought there might be possibilities in paper fashion. He asked his wife to pattern a simple A-line dress so he could make garments to sell to department stores as a novel summer piece. Jonathan Walford tells Sixties Fashion that there wasn’t much interest, but as a sponsor of the Junior Miss Pageant beauty contest in 1966, Scott turned it into a promotional item that was broadcast all over the United States. Sales were launched in April of that year: for $1.25 you could buy one of two possible paper dresses through the mail. Marketed under the Paper Caper brand, one was characterized by its red and yellow bandana print. The other paper dress included a work by Op-Art, the hypnotic paintings by Victor Vasarely that the Italian designer Roberto Capucci had already translated into a coat the previous year.

First ‘paper dresses’ by Scott Company with a bandana design and in Op-art (1966)

As if it were an Ikea piece of furniture, each dress came with an instruction manual explaining how to modify or care for it, as well as a warning on how putting it in the washing machine could eliminate its fireproofing capacity. “To shorten the dress, all you need is a firm hand and a pair of scissors […] While you shouldn’t count on wearing it more than once, depending on the use there are those who have been able to wear it up to three or four times. You can also cut the dress to use it as disposable towels for guests, or even as an apron. It will never replace the black dress as a basic closet item, but as a conversation piece and to attract attention, Paper Caper is unique,” he said.

The paper dress seemed to adapt like a glove to the needs of the youngest: on the one hand, it only allowed several uses, the perfect excuse to move on to the next novelty. And it did so at a very affordable price that everyone could afford. On the other hand, it fitted perfectly with the anti-stitching nature of those new female customers who rejected the “make, do and mend” attitude of the previous generation. It was no longer the idea of mending and recycling that prevailed with scarcity in World War II. It was now more interesting to take a pair of scissors and tape than to spend the whole night with the sewing kit. Moreover, for those young women eager to explore the growing freedoms of the decade, “going out in a dress that was blatantly easy to pull off posed an exciting way to underscore the new sexual politics,” the Victoria & Albert Museum said in an article about paper dresses.

A precise hand and a pair of scissors. That’s all it took to personalize a paper dress and make it ‘short’.

In the midst of the Cold War and the struggle for space leadership, paper dresses were also the closest thing to looking to the future. They were “the answer to space laundry,” as defined by an article in the November 25, 1966 issue of Life magazine. After all, who would consider putting a washing machine in orbit? Paper dresses were a much more feasible option, especially considering that one of the main attractions of the publication was that “it doesn’t look like paper at all, but rather like a cotton fabric”.

La cifra que más suele salir a relucir es la de las ventas de Scott Paper: hacia finales de año ya llevaba vendidos unos 500.000 vestidos. Los beneficios de la ropa de papel, según cuentan en Dress and Popular Culture, atrajeron más de sesenta manufacturas, con ventas estimadas entre los 50 y los 100 millones de dólares en un año. El tejido de papel se vendía al por mayor a unos 8-10 dólares la yarda (5-7 euros el metro, aproximadamente), aunque se esperaba que bajase de precio. Otra de las compañías que lideró el sector fue Mars of Asheville, cuyos vestidos venían etiquetados bajo el nombre “Waste Basket Boutique” (algunos se conservan todavía en la colección del Victoria & Albert Museum de Londres). En su obra, Jonathan Walford explica que hacia finales de 1966 era el principal fabricante de desechables: producía 80.000 prendas de papel a la semana, habían vendido 1,4 millones de unidades y las ventas alcanzaban los 3,5 millones de dólares.

‘Paper dress’ Waste Basket Boutique (1967).

There were several designers who created paper dresses: Scott Paper commissioned Paco Rabanne to make paper dresses to complement his most famous plastic and metal designs on the Parisian catwalk. Ossie Clark also produced her own disposable models at about fifteen shillings a piece, while Bonnie Cashin devised a line of clothing called Paper-Route. As part of a photo shoot immortalized by Horst P. Horst for Look magazine in 1967, several of the leading couturiers participated with their own paper designs: according to Walford, Fabiani did it with a gold dress, Pucci with black and white shorts, Belville with a wedding dress, Dior with a short white dress and Givenchy with a silver quilted coat. Horst himself was involved in the designs, creating a green paper tailor’s suit that actor Steve McQueen wore in the publication’s photo essay.

Models during the presentation in Paris of the ‘Puzzle’ collection, dressed in paper clothes (1967).

There were designers who even specialized in paper fashion. This was the case of Elisa Daggs, a creator based in New York whose designs can be found in the showcases of museums such as the MET, the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco or the Fashion History Museum of Ontario (Canada). Specializing in garments such as kaftans, she made several paper commissions linked to international airlines. The first was a promotional sari for Air India (1967) and a year later she collaborated with Trans World Airlines, for the French line (in gold) and for the Italian line (a kind of kimono with a belt). His designs are the perfect example of the complexity that the structure of the paper dresses acquired: they were no longer simple dresses with an A silhouette and pure lines. They were now filled with ruffles, or their patterns included up to eight pieces, like some striped dress she produced in 1967.

The 60s brought a very close relationship between the air world and fashion. The ‘paper dresses’ also reached the uniforms of the British Airways hostesses (1967).

In addition, paper dressing led to declines that no longer considered it exclusively as an affordable garment. In its November 1966 issue, Life magazine spoke of the wide range of prices that this piece could acquire, “from the thousand dollars of an evening gown” to the little more than a dollar that a beach dress could cost. In the same article, the three models that Tzaim Luksus created for the Paper Ball (a charity gala at the Wadsworth Atheneum museum in Hartford) were included, and their price was one thousand dollars. The same cost of the dress, also by Luksus, that the actress Arlene Dahl wore in the famous television program I’ve got a secret (1966), where she presented a collection of paper dresses.

“There is no need to worry about such a democratic dress (one that everyone can afford) wiping out the fashion elite. Wealthy and socially connected women can ask artists to create several special pieces of paper for a special event and then donate them to a museum, as long as the garment has not deteriorated on the dance floor,” wrote social commentator Marilyn Bender in statements collected by Sixties Fashion. Despite their humble nature, it was not the first time a paper dress was considered a luxury: they were highly prized in Japan during the Kamakura period (1192-1333) and during the Edo period (1603-1867) the more expensive ones were considered exquisitely elegant.

The perfect canvas for 60’s pop culture

There are those who have revealed themselves against the sartorial excess of these garments. The graphic artist Harry Gordon wanted to treat the paper dress like a canvas: his ‘poster dresses’ sold for three dollars, with very simple A-line patterns and no sleeves. The absolute star of the design was its print: five models with five images ranging from an eye to a cat, through a rose, a rocket taking off (in orbit with the space fever that impacted on fashion) and an open hand with the Buddhist symbol of peace. The initial launch in the UK in 1967 included the large face of Bob Dylan, but he did not give permission to be printed at his launch in the US the spring of the following year.

Paper ‘poster’ dress with Bob Dylan’s face

Gordon was not the only artist who delved into this dress. Andy Warhol also made it a starting point for advertising: he had been experimenting with Campbell’s soup cans since 1962, a motif repeated ad nauseam and becoming a pop icon wherever they were found. He translated it into fashion through ‘souper dress’, a paper model that recreates the can motif multiple times. Everyone wanted to have their own model: as Jonathan Walford says in Sixties Fashion, the food company Joy Green Giant announced its ‘paper dress’ with a green leaf print in 1967. Yellow Pages also offered its own designs, printed with newspaper sheets in yellow. Time magazine included a promotional black and white model with the letters of the publication’s name.

At a time when both fashion and art were a faithful reflection of the mass consumption of the time, paper dress became the perfect symbol of everything that was happening around it. It could become a wearable work of art, a walking advertisement, even an element of political propaganda. This was demonstrated at least by the U.S. presidential elections in 1968. For posterity there are still the ‘political’ paper dresses with prints of the main political candidates: Nixon’s incorporated his name in blue letters on a white background, a design that several girls in Pittsburgh wore when the politician arrived at the city’s Civic Arena. In addition to the stars, Bobby Kennedy’s included his own black and white face. In the campaign to win the Republican nomination in the presidential race, Governor Nelson Rockefeller’s face was repeated several times on a yellow and blue background.

Paper dresses with the faces of several American presidential candidates (1968).
Political ‘paper dresses’ for the presidential campaigns of Nelson Rockefeller and Richard Nixon (1968)
Paper dress from Robert Kennedy’s election campaign with portrait, by Norman Rockwell (produced by James Sterling Paper Fashions Ltd. New York, 1968)

Wet paper

Paper seemed like the material of tomorrow: madness had reached the jewels and even the eyelashes, as Life collected in 1967. Elisa Daggs said that sealing machines would replace sewing machines. Some even predicted a future in which dresses could come in large rolls, like sandwich bags, and be sold for pennies. But the reality is that despite its impact, the fever lasted only a few years. By the end of the 1960s, and in the face of a short supply of Dura-weave and Kaycel, the major manufacturers were using Reemay and Tyvek (both patented by Dupont) or Fibron for clothing that was more like disposable clothing than paper. Discovering their impracticality was also one of the reasons for their decline: “Although the garments were intended to be worn no more than once, it seemed disappointing to discover that this was true. The dresses would swell up when the person sat down, the styles of the sleeves would often become cramped. The hems had a tendency to fold along the edge,” Walford described in Sixties Fashion.

Over the years, paper dresses became, almost literally, wet paper: their ephemeral nature and throwaway philosophy clashed with the anti-consumerist ideas adopted by a new generation of young people that marked the end of the 1960s. As a counterculture, the hippie movement opposed exacerbated capitalism, betting on a fashion of ethnic aesthetics that put back in value the crafts and the manual works like crochet or macramé. Although paper dresses have returned in an isolated way on the catwalk with more experimental designers such as Hussein Chalayan or Rei Kawakubo (his collection for Comme des Garçons spring summer 1992 was inspired by Japanese cut paper drawings in the line of goshoguruma and momiji), today they remain at the foot of the page as an anecdote of history that is preserved in museums. A reminder that we once looked into space for alternative materials that could be adapted to our future. The example that, at a pace that tries to be slower and more conscious, history always repeats itself.

Paper dress with a printed hand, by artist Edith Ryker (1967).

SOURCE: VOGUE